Written by Olivia Sarkar
In Delhi, air quality has deteriorated to dangerous levels, causing serious health problems such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, shortness of breath, nausea and burning eyes. Preventive steps, such as avoiding leaving the house while polluted, using home air purifiers, staying hydrated, and eating immune-boosting foods, are all necessary routine when she had an asthma attack two to three days ago. Symptoms such as heaviness in the chest and breathing problems appeared due to the low air quality. Her family took her to the hospital immediately. Bronchodilators were given to her right away to help her breathe. The patient is currently on medication and appears to be in good health. Rest and frequent check-ups are recommended. Fog makes it difficult for many patients who already have breathing difficulties. Similarly, many new patients complained of shortness of breath, cough, sore throat and dizziness due to the contamination.
“Fog and toxins mix together and result in smog, which is dangerous to health,” said Dr. Vipul Rostje, MBBS, SMD Medicine, Consultant Physician and Diabetologist, Apollo Spectra, Delhi. Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter generated by cars and firecrackers mix with the fog to form smog, a dense layer in the atmosphere. Smog causes respiratory disturbances, shortness of breath, nausea and possibly cancer, leading to a higher incidence of disease. Those with asthma, which causes bronchitis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which causes restricted airflow from the lungs, are also admitted to the intensive care unit. So far, many people have complained about smog concerns, especially breathing difficulties. Compared to the previous year, the number of similar cases is on the rise. Older people are more aware of it. As a result of the air pollution, children’s cough and runny nose spread.”
Smog can cause throat infections, so eat foods rich in vitamin C. | Photo by Jacek Dylag on Unsplash
“Toxic air causes coughs, colds, sore throats and the spread of viral diseases in people of all ages,” Dr. Rustjee said. Smog affects not only one’s lungs, but also the cardiovascular system. Smog can also lead to serious car accidents. It is impossible to estimate the actual number of patients affected, but we are seeing an increase in smog-related illnesses.
“To reduce the health difficulties caused by smog, the elderly, children, pregnant women and people with lung disease should avoid outdoor activities when there is excessive pollution,” Dr. Rostje continued. Keep windows and doors closed and use an air purifier to expel harmful air pollutants and filter the air Don’t go out in heavy traffic Stay hydrated to flush toxins out of the body Avoid going to parties and jobs in open ground Say no to greasy foods that stress the body while dealing with smog. Smog can cause throat infections, so eat foods rich in vitamin C like lemons, watermelon, grapes, papaya, kiwi, peas, broccoli, cabbage, okra, red peppers, broccoli, and seeds, and inhale the steam daily. Keep your allergy kit stocked with essential medications, inhalers and sprays, and increase your tree plantings at home.”
“Current patients with lung or heart disease should stock up on medications, keep an inhaler close at hand, and pay attention to symptoms such as wheezing and fatigue.” “Long-term exposure to the chemicals can lead to strokes, ischemic heart disease, and possibly lung cancer,” Dr. Rustjee concluded.
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Delhi fog, pollution, harmful air, pollutants, disease, health, asthma, allergy, air quality